Most of the apps these days are developed using hybrid frameworks. One of the most important factors that you must consider while developing hybrid apps is their performance. Performance not only depends on the framework which you use for developing your application, but it also depends on how you intend to use that framework and the coding techniques you want to implement for the same.
In this blog, we will discuss how you can improve the performance of your mobile applications that are developed using the Angular framework with simple key points to succeed in the endeavour.
Lazy loading is a loading technique in which the required modules are loaded on demand. Currently, most development frameworks support this method in which the entire code base is not loaded while loading the application, rather only the required module code is loaded. By using lazy loading, we can reduce the amount of time required to load the application which is a performance boosting factor.
Onpush Change Detection Strategy
The Change Detection Strategy is one of the most important factors in Angular development. The default change detection strategy in Angular will check for each property change in the component. If one or more properties get changed, it will check for the status of all properties.
Here, you can improve the performance of the application by using the Onpush strategy. In this method, It will only check for changes in the input properties of the component. Thus, it is recommended that you first segregate the container components and the presentational components (dumb components) before implementing this strategy. In case you opt for the presentational components, use the Onpush change detection strategy so that it will check only for the input properties during the component update.
Avoid Using The Time Interval Functions
The time interval functions will block the thread and cause performance issues. Thus, it is recommended that we abstain from using these functions.
In case you subscribe for any observables in the components, do not forget to unsubscribe in view Destroy method. Forgetting to do so can lead to memory leak problems in all the unsubscribed observables. This can considerably reduce the performance of the application.
*ngFor will track the object uniqueness by its reference. If the reference of the object gets modified, then Angular will remove the DOM node completely and recreate it. To avoid this, we recommend the use of trackby in *ngFor.
It’s a good idea to compress resources like images without losing their quality. Doing so will reduce the build size and improve the loading time of the app.
Generally, scripts will block the parsing of the template until the script loading is completed. By using the defer attribute, we can load scripts once the template parsing is completed so that the loading time is reduced and the performance of the application is improved.
Improve the Server Response Time
By using the gzip compression method, the size of the response body in the server can be reduced leading to a reduction in the network latency. Another point to be noted is that repeated HTTP calls should be avoided and the cache on both the client and server sides should be maintained respectively.
Avoid Delays in the Click Event
If you use the ionic framework for developing a hybrid framework, please ensure to add the tappable attribute to elements other than clickable elements such as buttons and anchor tags. If you do not add this attribute to the element, it would result in a delay between the click event and the execution of the method.
Clearing Unused Variables and Arrays
Another way to optimize app performance is to remove unused variables and arrays from your code and avoid using the global variables as much as possible. The global variables do not get cleared from the memory until the window is closed or reloaded. This would cause a memory leak issue leading to a deterioration in the application’s performance. It is also recommended to avoid console.log statements in the production mode.
Avoid using Local Storage
For storing complex data, it is recommended that you avoid using the local storage. You can use the SQLite database or maintain data with the help of data services.
Using NGRX Store
By using Redux libraries like ngrx store as state management library in the app, you can improve its performance. It will reduce the number of events that occur during data communication.
Avoid Calling Methods in Template Binding
Sometimes, you need to transform the value of a property which comes from the server that is displayed in the UI. In this case, don’t use a method call in template binding for transforming the value which causes Angular to rerun the method for every change detection.
To avoid this, use the pure pipes which would fire change detection only when the input value is subjected to pure change.
Enable Production Mode
By default, Angular will run in the debug mode. Because of this, changedetection may fire twice at times to avoid unexpected changes in the properties which would reduce the performance of the app. This can be avoided by enabling the production mode in the production environment.
We believe that these key points can influence the performance improvement of apps developed with the Angular framework.
If this blog was informative and has left you with a better understanding of how to improve your applications’ performance, or if you have any suggestions, do leave us a comment below.
At WalkingTree, we strongly believe that businesses are shifting gears from native app development towards Hybrid mobile app development which is definitely a better alternative. We would love for you to take advantage of this to make apps more efficient and save a lot of time.